To all Race Skippers and Race Crew,
This will be the eleventh edition of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race. A considerable amount of experience has been accrued by the Clipper Race Management team over the 20 years of running this event. Many lessons have been learned and incorporated into our standard way of doing things but one aspect remains crystal clear - the conduct and quality of the racing makes this event a success. I look to all Race Skippers and those involved in the organisation to ensure that the racing is carried out in a sharp, seamanlike and professional manner.
Clipper Ventures Plc is in the fortunate position of managing the conduct of all aspects of the Clipper Race and therefore ensuring that safety and seamanship predominate throughout. These principles are not to be compromised and shall be at the forefront of all Race Skippers and Race Crew minds always.
Where necessary the established racing rules have been changed, or modified by these instructions to ensure the unique requirements of Clipper 2017-18 Race are fulfilled. All Race Skippers are to read these Sailing Instructions and are to sign to that effect on the following pages.
Fair winds and good racing to all
those taking part.
Sir Robin Knox-Johnston
Chairman, Clipper Ventures
SECTION 2 - SAILING INSTRUCTIONS
In these instructions, the following words and expressions shall have the following meanings:
a. ' the Company' is Clipper Ventures Plc.
b. ' the Clipper Race' is the Clipper 2017-18 Round the World Yacht Race in its entirety.
c. ' the race' is one of the individual races that together make up the Clipper 2017-18 Round the World Yacht Race.
d. ' the yacht' is a ‘Clipper 70’ yacht owned by the Company.
e. ' Sailing Instructions (SIs)' are the Clipper Race Sailing Instructions (this document)
f. ' Course Instructions (CIs)' are instructions that define each individual race. Course Instructions are issued at section 3 of SIs.
g. ' The Race Committee' is a committee nominated in the Notice of Race (NOR) for the purpose of administering the Clipper Race and dealing with protests.
h. ‘ RRS’ are the Racing Rules of Sailing (see paragraph 2).
i.‘ IRPCS’ are The International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea.
j.‘ Duty Skipper’ is the Skipper as nominated in the Course Instructions for that race.
2. GOVERNING RULES
The race will be governed by:
a. The World Sailing (formerly ISAF) Racing Rules of Sailing 2017-2020 (RRS) and any subsequent amendments,
b. The International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea (IRPCS),
c. Clipper 2017-18 Notice of Race,
d. These Sailing Instructions (SIs).
Note: When there is conflict, the rules above shall apply in this order of precedence.
3. RIGHT OF WAY RULES
The right of way rules between racing yachts will apply as follows:
a. RRS from four minutes before the race start time, until sunset on the first night of racing, or as amended by Annex A Clipper Race Le Mans Start Procedure,
b. RRS from sunrise until sunset on all other race days,
c. IRPCS from sunset to sunrise.
For the purpose of this definition, times of sunrise/sunset will be taken as the actual times determined by the geographical position of vessels.
4. CHANGES TO SAILING INSTRUCTIONS
a. The Race Committee will announce any postponement of the start of the race on the designated VHF channel (as defined in the Course Instructions) with the expected duration of the delay.
b. The Race Committee may issue amendments to the Sailing Instructions after the start signal and during the race. In these cases, they will use the best possible means to communicate any changes to all yachts and wherever possible, obtain confirmation that the changes have been received and understood by all Skippers.
5. START LINES AND STARTS
a. Start lines for each race will be published in the Course Instructions in Section 3 of these instructions.
b. Starts will be conducted by either:
i) Host yacht Clubs on behalf of Clipper Ventures;
ii) Race Committee members or other staff delegated;
iii) One Skipper of a designated yacht.
c. Unless ordered to the contrary in the Course Instructions, the starting sequence in RRS26 (starting races) shall be amended by the following:
i) 10 minutes to Start Class Flag
ii) 4 minutes to start Flag ‘P’
iii) 1 minute to start Flag ‘P’ lowered
iv) Start All Flags lowered
v) Sound signals will be made to draw attention to the flag hoists;
vi) The start sequence will normally be made on the designated VHF channel.
d. Unless otherwise amended by Section 3 Course Instructions, RRS 30.1 (I Flag Rule) will be in force for all starts but Flag I will not be flown.
e. Unless otherwise amended by Section 3 Course Instructions, yachts on the course side of the starting line (OCS) at the start will be penalised by a time penalty of one hour plus a further minute for every second over the line at the start signal.
f. Whenever possible yachts over the line will be advised by the starting authority on the designated VHF channel.
g. Unless otherwise amended by Section 3 Course Instructions, yachts may avoid a penalty by returning around either end of the start line and then re-crossing.
h. The Race Committee may authorise outside personnel to sail onboard any of the yachts from prior to the start sequence for up to one hour after the race start for purposes of Race Administration and Public Relations.
i. There is no obligation on the Race Committee or their nominated deputies to provide constant access to a start port.
6. MARK-ROOM and the ZONE
a. The area around a mark is defined as the ‘zone’. For the purposes of the Clipper 2017-18 Race and unless otherwise stated, the zone will be defined as ‘the area around a mark within a distance of five hull lengths of the boat nearer to it.’ This is a modification to the definition of the ‘zone’ as given in the RRS 2017-20. A boat is in the zone when any part of her hull is in the ‘zone’.
7. REPORTING POSITIONS
a. Unless otherwise amended in Section 3 Course Instructions, fleet positions at 0000, 0600, 1200 and 1800 UTC will be sent automatically to all yachts via email. Should the automated email fail, the Race Office shall endeavour to send this information within 30 mins of the designated schedule time. Failure to achieve this is not grounds for redress.
b. At 0545 UTC and 1745 UTC, each Skipper shall email to the Race Office at firstname.lastname@example.org;
-Distance travelled in last 12 hours,
-Distance to next waypoint / finish
-Current speed over ground (SOG) course over ground (COG)
These reports shall be the fall-back information should the on-board tracking units fail to automatically poll.
-A weather report – wind speed, sea state, cloud cover, etc.
-Crew report – status of injured crew, crew who have missed watches etc. in past 24 hours.
-Major equipment breakages in past 24 hours.
c.Additionally, for the 0545 UTC report the Skipper shall provide:
-Skipper’s blog – In accordance with Clipper 2017-18 Supplementary Standard Operating Procedures Section 5.
8. RADIO SCHEDULES
a. Historically, before satellite communications were readily available, VHF and SSB was used to communicate the position reports between the Race yachts.
b. Whilst this is no longer necessary for the purposes of position reporting, it is recognised that the radio schedule is a useful tool for crew and Skipper morale and for crew training in VHF use.
c. Therefore, whilst the Race fleet is in VHF range, the Duty Skipper may appoint a suitable regular daily time at which the crew can conduct a radio schedule.
12. THE JOKER
a. During the overall Clipper Round the World Race each team will have the opportunity once only to play their ‘Joker’.
b. The ‘Joker’ means that all points gained from the yachts finishing position at the end of the nominated race will be doubled. e.g. if a team finishes 1 st then they will be awarded 24 points and if a team finishes 12 th then they will be awarded two points.
c. Any points gained from Scoring Gates or Ocean Sprints will be unaffected.
d. Each team that wants to play their ‘Joker’ must inform the Race Office in writing at the pre-race Skippers briefing on the day before departure of the nominated race. In the event that there is no planned Skippers briefing then a team must inform the Race Office in writing no later than 24 hours before departure of the nominated race.
e. Once the intention to play the ‘Joker’ has been received in writing by the Race Office this cannot be rescinded.
f. Each team may only play their ‘Joker’ once during the Clipper Round the World Race.
g. Teams are not obliged to use their ‘Joker’ at all.
13. FINISH LINES AND FINISHING
a. Finishing lines for each race will be published in Section 3: Course Instructions.
b. Skippers are responsible for recording their finish times (in UTC) and noting details of the yachts ahead and astern of them.
c. Where a finish line is not manned by a member of the Race Office or delegated official, yachts shall inform the Race Office of their finish time immediately (and within 30 minutes) after finishing, either by phone or email at email@example.com
d. A photograph or screenshot must be taken clearly showing the exact GPS position and exact time in UTC as the yacht passes the finish line. This evidence should not be emailed but must be retained and will be requested and used for verification purposes by the Race Office, if necessary.
e. The Race Committee may authorise outside personnel to be transferred to yachts up to one hour before the expected time of the finish of a race until after the race has finished for purposes of Race Administration and Public Relations.
f. The Race Committee reserves the right to finish a race at any time in any manner they choose, for reasons such as safety or race schedule.
g. There is no obligation on the Race Committee or their nominated deputies to provide constant access to a finish port.
a. A pre-race declaration on the form supplied at Annex B of these Sailing Instructions shall be signed by the Skipper and handed personally to the Race Manager (or person delegated by the Race Manager) at the appointed time of the dockside race start Skipper briefing. This declaration will include a statement that any sails that have been repaired in a commercial loft, have been checked and are fit for purpose.
b. A post-race declaration on the form supplied at Annex C of these Sailing Instructions shall be signed by the Skipper and two watch leaders, and handed personally to the Race Manager (or person delegated by the Race Manager) as soon as practical after finishing and always within one hour of the yacht docking after the finish of that race.
c. Failure of yachts to hand in their declarations as above will carry the following penalties.
i) Failure to hand in the fully completed and compliant pre-race declaration at the appointed time of the dockside race start Skipper briefing will incur a 2 point penalty.
ii) If a Skipper fails to hand in a fully completed and compliant pre-race declaration before departing the dock for race start the team will score DSQ for that race.
iii) Post-race declaration form handed in later than one hour after the yacht has docked but not more than 12 hours late – two penalty points will be deducted from the yacht’s score on that race,
iv) Post-race declaration form handed in more than 12 hours late – a further two points will be deducted from the yacht’s score on that race.
15. RIG, SAFETY AND SAIL CHECKS
a. Rig checks must be performed personally by the Skipper in every stopover. They are to be signed by the Skipper and submitted to the Race Manager (or person delegated by the Race Manager) no later than 36 hours after arrival. Failure to submit these checks within this timescale will incur a two-point penalty. A further two points will be incurred for every 12 hours delay thereafter.
b. Safety checks must be carried out by the Skipper (or persons nominated by the Skipper) in every stopover. They are to be signed by the Skipper and submitted to the Race Manager (or person delegated by the Race Manager) no later than 36 hours after arrival. Failure to submit these checks within this timescale will incur a 2-point penalty. A further two points will be incurred for every 12 hours delay thereafter.
c. A sail check is to be performed by the Skipper before arrival in each stopover. Any damage to sails is to be reported to the Race Office prior to arrival.
a. Yachts retiring from a race are immediately to inform the Duty Skipper and the Race Office.
b. Full details are to be handed in with the declaration on the form supplied at Annex C.
17. SCORING SYSTEM
a. The scoring system in RRS Appendix A will be modified by the rules below.
b. RSS Appendix A2, A4, A9, shall not apply.
c. The scoring system throughout all the races of Clipper 2017-18 Race will be that the winning yacht of each of the races will receive twelve points, the second will receive eleven points and so forth, with the twelfth yacht receiving one point.
d. All race points shall count with no discards allowed.
e. The overall race leader will be the yacht with the highest cumulative score after penalty points have been applied. This will include Scoring Gate points, Ocean Sprint points and will include any points accumulated by playing their ‘Joker’.
f. If for any reason fewer than twelve yachts start or complete a race, the above scoring system will remain in place with the first yacht still being awarded twelve points for a win and subsequent yachts one less point per each place behind.
g. Yachts that retire during a particular race will be awarded one point.
h. Yachts that are disqualified for a particular race will be awarded zero points.
i. A yacht may be offered a finishing position and if accepted, will be awarded race points based on that finishing position at the discretion of the Race Director (or person delegated by the Race Director).
18. INFRINGEMENT OF THE RACE RULES
a. The Race Committee’s normal method of penalising a yacht for an infringement of the race rules, or for being found guilty after a protest, is for a time or points penalty to be added to the result of that race.
b. When a ‘penalised yacht’ has equal points to a ‘non-penalised’ yacht, the latter will be given the higher placing in any individual race and the overall Clipper Round the World Race.
c. The Race Committee may introduce on water umpires at some race starts. The use of any such umpiring system will be included in the Course Instructions for that race. Yachts are to conform to any on the spot penalties issued by such umpires.
a. In the unlikely event that a yacht finds it necessary to protest another yacht, the procedure in RRS 61 is to be followed.
b. RRS 61.1. In addition to the requirements listed, the protesting yacht is to inform all the interested parties and the Race Office by email message of the intended protest within six hours of the incident.
c. Amendment to 61.1. This rule is amended such that a red flag is not required.
d. Any protest is to be accompanied by a fee of £100. If it is considered by the Race Committee that the protest was frivolous, this fee will not be returned and will be donated to the Race Charity.
e. Protests must be submitted in writing using the form at Annex D to the Race Manager (or person delegated by the Race Manager) within one hour of arrival at the dock after the finish of that race.
20. OUTSIDE ASSISTANCE
a. RRS 41 applies.
b. In situations where the safety of the yacht and her Crew may be threatened by extreme weather, Skippers should attempt to receive weather reports, navigational information and other assistance from any appropriate source. Any such information is to be passed to the Race Office immediately who will then share with all other boats. All such assistance is to be declared on the Race Declaration form and in the normal course, no penalty would be awarded.
21. WEATHER AND ROUTING INFORMATION
a. Up to seven days prior to the start of any of the races which make up the Clipper 2017-18 Race, a Skipper can obtain weather information from any source providing that:
i) the information obtained is available free of charge to the general public, or
ii) any weather routing advice or meteorological / oceanography training or research obtained from a professional source is wholly funded by the Skipper and not by any other source, including the sponsors or crew.
b. Within seven days of the start of the race and for the duration of the race, no professional weather routing advice or meteorological / oceanographic training or research may be obtained by the Skipper or crew (outside of that given by Clipper Ventures).
c. Should personal, individual or tailored assistance be received, either on purpose or accidentally in any form, that is not freely available to all Skippers, the nature and content of such assistance is to be advised to the Race Office immediately. Full details are to be submitted with the Declaration Form at Annex B.
d. Should genuine unsolicited advice be received by any means to any crew member or Skipper on board, such as from a misguided family member, enthusiast or passing vessel, the yacht is still liable to be penalised. In practice when these instances are genuine mistakes and are reported immediately to the Race Office, there will not normally be a penalty. The information received shall be distributed by the Race Office to all yachts. The details are to be recorded on the post-race declaration form.
e. Only information that is freely available and without cost to all competitors are to be used.
f. No information is to be received directly or indirectly from the Internet or via email while the yachts are at sea unless such information has been forwarded by the Race Office (or person delegated by the Race Office).
g. Whilst racing, mobile devices may not be used in any form to gain a tactical advantage. SIM cards must be removed and handed to the Skipper prior to Race Start. Weather or tactical information received via any mobile device will be classed as outside assistance. The only exception to this will be information received via the ‘Predict Wind’ app which has been obtained via Wi-Fi and through the satellite communications system on board each yacht.
h. The Race Committee shall decide on any penalty to be awarded.
22. USE OF AIS (AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM)
a. The Class B AIS is only an aide to navigation and safety. Skippers and crew are advised that not all ships/craft are either fitted with AIS or receive/display the class B data.
b. The AIS receiver shall be always switched on when the yacht is at sea.
c. The AIS transmitter shall be always switched on when the yacht is at sea, except;
i) at the Skipper’s discretion for example due to the risk of piracy.
ii) when in stealth mode. If a yacht, however, is in stealth mode when rounding or passing a mark of the course the AIS transmitter shall be switched on within 10nm of the mark.
23. USE OF MAIN ENGINE
a. Main engines are to be switched off prior to the four minute preparatory signal, or as instructed in the Course Instructions (note: this precludes running engines in neutral – switched off means machinery is completely stopped).
b. To avoid confusion, if the main engine is required to be run for generating power, or other, non-propulsion purposes, this is not to be done within 30 minutes after the start of each race.
c. If the main engine is run for generating, it should be run in neutral with the lever in the ‘reverse’ position to prevent any accidental advantage being gained.
d. There may be times when good seamanship might demand prudent use of the main engine, for example collision avoidance. If practical, in such an event the yacht should attempt to return to the position where the engine was started before continuing to race.
e. If a yacht is forced to use its engine as a means of propulsion for any reason whilst racing, the facts are to be reported immediately to the Race Office and a record is to be entered in the log and on the post-race declaration, giving full details including:
i. The yacht position and time of engine use
ii. The wind direction and force
iii. The time and position when the engine was turned on and off
iv. The reasons for the use of the engine.
f. The Race Committee shall decide on any penalty that shall be awarded.
a. The following points amplify RRS 62.
b. Time spent on any diversions will normally count as time spent racing unless special circumstances warrant an award of redress by the Race Committee.
c. In all cases the Race Committee will decide if redress is to be awarded. Any such decision will depend on the submission of a full report and request of redress by the Skipper. The Race Committee’s decision will depend, in part, upon the accurate and timely presentation of this report.
d. The Race Committee may generally consider awarding redress in the event of a yacht going to assist another Clipper Race yacht or any other vessel requiring assistance.
e. Awards for redress will not be given for lost or damaged equipment, rigging or sails, equipment failure, or medical evacuations.
f. Awards for redress will normally be made by the Race Committee at the completion of each race. On longer races, when sufficient details are held by the Race Committee, an award of redress may be made and published during that race.
25. SAIL SETTINGS
In the light of experience and in order to minimise damage, the following instructions amplify the regulations set out in RRS 50:
a) Only one spinnaker may be hoisted at any one time. The only exception is when the second spinnaker is hoisted immediately prior to a spinnaker peel (endorsement of RRS50.1).
b) Only one headsail can be hoisted on the forestay at any one time (amendment to RRS50.1).
c) Headsails must be fully hanked to the forestay at all times using all the available hanks. The bottom two hanks may be taken off the forestay prior to headsail changes.
d) The staysail must be hanked to the inner forestay at all times when it is hoisted.
e) No headsail, except the staysail, may be set at the same time as the spinnaker except when handing or setting the spinnaker.
f) No sails other than the mainsail or the trysail may be set aft of the mast.
g) If carried, promotional spinnakers may not be used whilst racing.
h) The windseeker must not be flown at the same time as a headsail unless it is during a sail change evolution. A staysail may be flown.
26. SAIL INVENTORY
Yachts will carry the following sails at all times. Failure to carry a complete sail wardrobe will make the yacht liable to a penalty (this includes sails that are damaged beyond repair, until they are replaced in a subsequent stopover):
3. Number 1 Yankee
4. Number 2 Yankee
5. Number 3 Yankee
7. Code 1 Asymmetric 1.5oz
8. Code 2 Asymmetric 2.2oz
9. Code 3 Asymmetric 3.4oz
11. Storm Jib
27. DAMAGE TO SAILS
Yachts will have one wardrobe of sails issued for their use for the entire race. Historically the teams that have taken best care of their sails have performed very well overall. Only in exceptional circumstances will consideration be given to replacing sails (see section 29). Skippers are to take careful note of the following:
a. The Clipper Race is a marathon, not a sprint. This fact is probably more relevant with regard to the attitude Skippers and Crew have towards their sails than in any other area.
b. The general wear on the sails is directly proportional to the use and employment of the sail. When Skippers and crew exceed the prudent limits early in the Race they are weakening their sails, the effect of which may not be apparent until later in the Race.
c. Any sail that has been damaged is never as efficient as one that has not been damaged. By damaging sails, Skippers and crew therefore are not only disadvantaged while the sail is not available but also handicap themselves for the rest of the race.
d. In many of the ports it is impractical to get outside assistance to help crews repair sails.
28. REPAIRS TO SAILS
a. The Skippers and Crews will be responsible for sail repairs and maintenance during the race and at all the port stops.
b. When a sail is damaged beyond the practical resources of the crew members to repair, consideration will be given to repairing the sail using a local professional sailmaker.
c. In all cases where repairs are required to be made by a professional sailmaker, the Race Committee will keep a running total of sail repair costs.
d. 2 penalty points will be awarded to the relevant yacht when the running total exceeds £500 (or local equivalent at an agreed exchange rate) and a further two penalty points awarded for every subsequent £500 for the duration of the Clipper 2017-18 Round the World Yacht Race. This applies to all sails and sail bags and is cumulative.
e. Penalty points will be deducted from the yacht’s overall points tally and will not affect the published finishing position for any particular race.
f. In making any awards, the Race Committee will consider all factors including the variance of repair costs in the different ports, the scale of penalties awarded for replacement sails (see below).
g. The Race Director will decide on whether badly damaged sails will be repaired or replaced. If it is decided that a sail is to be replaced the penalty points identified in 29c) will be awarded immediately.
29. REPLACEMENT OF SAILS
a. In the event of the loss of a sail, or damage that is uneconomic or impractical to repair, the Race Directorwill consider replacing the sail and awarding the yacht a penalty.
b. The full circumstances of the particular incident will be considered on an individual basis by the Race Committee taking into account the following guidelines:
i) The nature of the loss or the extent of the damage.
ii) The length of time of the whole race remaining, noting that the decision may reflect the need to safeguard the fulfilment of the contract of those crew who are taking part in the later legs of the race.
iii) The financial and practical aspects of local resources against the cost and shipping time for replacement sails. This could result in a decision to replace a badly damaged sail rather than repair it. In this case the replacement sail may have to be shipped to the next practical port.
iv) If the damaged/lost sail can be replaced immediately by one of the sails carried in the fleet support containers. Please note that these sails are old and have been previously used.
c. The penalty to replace any sail is:
i) 5 Penalty Points – Leg 1 & Leg 2
ii) 6 Penalty Points – Leg 3 & Leg 4
iii) 7 Penalty Points – Leg 5 & Leg 6
iv) 8 Penalty Points – Leg 7 & Leg 8
d. Penalty points will be deducted from the yacht’s overall points tally and will not affect the published finishing position for any particular race.
30. LOSS OR DAMAGE OF EQUIPMENT
a. The Race Committee will keep a running total of the costs of lost and damaged equipment and will impose one penalty point to the relevant yacht when the running total reaches £500 and an additional one penalty point for every subsequent £500.
b. The following is a list of typical examples; the list is not exhaustive.
i) loss of winch handles (£60)
ii) Halyard jammer handles (£280 each)
iii) serious damage to equipment, including winch drums and sewing machines, requiring a replacement
iv) loss of any running rigging, snatch blocks or handy billy
v) serious damage to the deck, hull or rig
c. The full circumstances of the particular incident will be considered by the Race Committee on an individual basis taking into account a statement from the Skipper.
d. The replacement of safety related equipment will not incur penalty points.
e. The non-reporting, or the failure to report the loss or damage to equipment, or any other part of the yacht will result in those points being added retrospectively with the addition of a further two-point penalty.
a. Each Skipper will be given a budget for victualing at the beginning of each leg.
b. The Race Committee will maintain a running total of the actual monies spent by the Skipper and Crew of each yacht for victualing.
c. For victualing purposes, the race shall be considered in three periods, over/underspend may be carried over within these periods but not into the start of the next period:
i) Any victualing for Legs 1, 2 and 3,
ii) Any victualing for Legs 4, 5 and 6,
iii) Any victualing for Legs 7 and 8.
d. At the end of each period, the Race Committee will compare the cumulative actual expenditures by each yacht with the cumulative budget.
e. Skippers should always consider calorific content, crew dietary requirements, variety of menu and environmental factors when planning their menu for each leg.
f. The Race Committee reserves the right to award penalty points for any overspend.
32. STOWAGE OF STORES
a.The Skippers are reminded that RRS 51 applies, and shall include the following:
ii) Sails cannot be stowed/stacked on deck and must be stowed below when not in use. A headsail can be left hanked onto the forestay when flying a spinnaker and a staysail may be left hanked onto the inner forestay when not in use. For clarity, this means that sails should be stowed in their proper place. Sails shall not be stowed aft of the mast.
iii) Anchors and cable must be kept in their recognised positions (main anchor and cable in the rope locker, kedge anchor and cable in the lazarette).
iv) A minimum of one water tank shall be kept full at all times.
v) All halyards shall be run in their usual places in the mast.
a. Skippers are reminded that it is a criminal offence to illegally dispose of garbage.
b. All yachts will at ALL times conform to MARPOL regulations as stated below;
of the following items IS permitted when greater than 12nM from the nearest land;
ii) Cargo residues not contained in wash water
iii) Cargo residues contained in wash water
iv) Cleaning agents and additives contained in cargo hold wash water
v) Cleaning agents and additives contained in deck and external surfaces wash water
d. MARPOL Annex V which entered force on 1 January 2013 states when ships are outside special areas, discharge of all other garbage including plastics, domestic wastes, cooking oil, incinerator ashes, operational wastes and fishing gear is PROHIBITED.
SECTION 3 - COURSE INSTRUCTIONS
Course Instructions will be issued for each race of the Clipper 2017-18 Race and are to be filed in this section.
ANNEX A TO CLIPPER 2017-18 RACE SAILING INSTRUCTIONS
CLIPPER RACE LE MANS START PROCEDURE
Due to local constraints and conditions it is not always possible to create a standard start line. To enable the Clipper fleet to begin racing in these circumstances, the ‘Le Mans Start’ was invented and has been successfully used in all previous races.
The aim of all Skippers is to ensure that the Le Mans Start is as fair as practically possible. The procedure does not work if any of the Skippers try to jump the gun or gain an unfair advantage during the start sequence. If the Duty Skipper suspects that an unfair advantage is being obtained by any boat they will halt the start process and re-start the sequence.
The procedure uses the standard Clipper start countdown of 10 min, 4 min, 1 min, Start.
1. Prior to the 10-minute signal all boats have their mainsails hoisted. Headsails hanked on, halyards and sheets attached, but NOT hoisted.
2. All boats must start with the same sized headsails hanked on and this will be decided and communicated in advance to the fleet by the Duty Skipper via VHF on a pre-arranged channel.
3. All boats motor slowly (speed set by Duty Skipper), approx. two to three boat lengths apart in a line abreast on a pre-arranged heading. This heading is usually towards the finish.
4. Once the fleet is in a line abreast, the lead Skipper signals the 10-minute gun via VHF on a pre-arranged channel. Engines shall be used to ensure that the boats are lined up accordingly (either reverse or forward).
5. At the 4-minute signal, all crew shall be aft of the forward coffee grinder.
6. At the one minute signal, engines are to be turned off.
7. Mainsails are trimmed to ensure the fleet stays in line. If the fleet drift out of line, the Duty Skipper can stop the sequence and start the process again.
8. At the start gun, the crew can move forward and the headsails can be hoisted.
9. All boats must hold the agreed course and separation for the first 10 minutes after the start gun.
- -The order of the line-up will usually be decided during the pre-start Skipper briefing. This is usually pulled out of a hat. (except for the Duty Skipper’s position).
- -No spinnakers for the first 10 minutes after the start gun.
- -No luffing for the first 10 minutes after start gun.
- -No course changes within the first 10 minutes of start gun (See Note below **)
- -Note ** During the first 10 minutes after the start gun, boats can tack away from the line up but only in the event of an emergency or technical issue arising and not as a tactical decision. Once clear they must sail behind the fleet. Any boat that does this has no rights of way over those boats that have not tacked during the 10 minutes after the start gun.
- -The nominated Duty Skipper will be in the middle of the line up at position 6. This is so that they can judge if the fleet are in a straight line.
- -The Duty Skipper will decide the size of headsail to be hanked on at the start and will communicate this in advance to the fleet via VHF on a pre-arranged channel.
- -The Duty Skipper has overall control of the start sequence and if required, will halt the start sequence at any time up until the start gun.
- -The Duty Skipper will ensure that the boats are lined up as fairly as possible for the start sequence.
- -The Duty Skipper shall call out the start sequence on a pre-arranged VHF channel.
- -The Duty Skipper shall contact the Race Office to confirm that the start has been successfully completed within 30 minutes of the start. The message shall include the official start time, the weather conditions at the start and any other relevant information (e.g. which boat led, tactics etc.)